The Gerontologist, Vol 29, Issue 5 660-666, Copyright © 1989 by The Gerontological Society of America
Specifying caregiver outcomes: gender and relationship aspects of caregiving strain
RF Young and E Kahana
The gender-specific kinship relationship of patients and their care
providers has not generally been investigated in studies of caregiver
burden and well-being. In this study of 183 heart patient-caregiver dyads,
gender and relationship were analyzed singly and jointly with respect to
the process and outcome of caregiving. Strains caregivers experienced while
caring for older heart patients six weeks and one year after hospital
discharge were determined. Findings showed consistent patterns of strain.
Women, nonspousal caregivers, and daughters, in particular, experienced the
most severe aftereffects. These findings support a caregiving outcomes
model proposing that the patient-caregiver relationship is an essential
component of caregiver strain.