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The Gerontologist, Vol 35, Issue 3 296-307, Copyright © 1995 by The Gerontological Society of America


Stress, alcohol use, and depressive symptoms in later life

N Krause
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2029, USA.

The purpose of this study is to use social identity theory in order to evaluate whether alcohol use buffers the effects of stress on depressive symptoms. Two hypotheses are developed from this perspective. The first specifies that alcohol use should reduce the negative impact of events arising in social roles that are not valued highly by study participants. The second predicts that alcoholic consumption will exacerbate the effects of stressors that emerge in roles that are highly salient. Support for these propositions was obtained with data provided by a recent nationwide survey of older adults.

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All GSA journals Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Copyright © 1995 by The Gerontological Society of America.