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The Gerontologist, Vol 35, Issue 4 472-480, Copyright © 1995 by The Gerontological Society of America


Racial and educational differences in physical activity among older adults

DO Clark
Division of General Internal Medicine, Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, Indianapolis, IN 46202-2859, USA.

This study utilized a nationally representative sample of older adults to investigate the association of race and education with five different measures of self-reported physical activity. Rates of physical activity were low among white Americans and even lower among African Americans. However, a majority of the racial variation in activity was accounted for by racial differences in educational attainment. Those with 8 or fewer years of education were found to be less active than those with 9 or more, despite having controlled for educational differences in income, health compared to one year ago, functional status, body mass, and chronic disease. Discussion focuses on self-efficacy and social and cultural contexts.

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Copyright © 1995 by The Gerontological Society of America.