The Gerontologist, Vol 36, Issue 5 627-636, Copyright © 1996 by The Gerontological Society of America
Human resource policies and older workers in Japan
RL Clark and N Ogawa
North Carolina State University, Department of Business Management, Raleigh 27695-7229, USA.
Substantial changes in human resource policies are occurring in Japanese
firms in response to the rapid aging of the population. Employers are
reconsidering the concept of lifetime employment, seniority-based wages,
retirement policies, and employment opportunities for older workers. In
response to government pressure, mandatory retirement ages are being
raised. These trends are examined using a variety of sources of information
concerning employment practices in Japan. The analysis indicates that
important changes in human resource management practices are underway and
further changes are anticipated as the labor force continues to age.