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The Gerontologist, Vol 38, Issue 4 412-421, Copyright © 1998 by The Gerontological Society of America


Home-based resistance training: predictors of participation and adherence

AM Jette, D Rooks, M Lachman, TH Lin, C Levenson, D Heislein, MM Giorgetti and BA Harris
Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston, University, MA 02215, USA. [email protected]

This study identified factors associated with exercise participation and adherence in a sample of 102 sedentary, functionally limited, community-dwelling adults aged 60 to 94 years who participated in a home-based resistance training program. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that baseline physical factors (i.e., higher levels of mobility, weaker muscle strength, and fewer numbers of new medical conditions) were associated with higher rates of participation in the home program. Positive attitudes and a sense of control toward exercise, lower levels of confusion and depressive moods, and the development of fewer new medical problems during the program were related to higher levels of adherence to the program. Findings revealed that although physical health variables were the primary indicators of an older person's overall participation in the program, it was the psychological factors that were most important to adherence to this home-based program.

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