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The Gerontologist 41:210-219 (2001)
© 2001 The Gerontological Society of America

Toward the Conceptualization and Measurement of Caregiver Burden Among Pueblo Indian Family Caregivers

Robert John, PhDa, Catherine Hagan Hennessy, DrPH, MAb, Timothy B. Dyeson, PhDc and Mario D. Garrett, PhDd

a Gerontology Program, University of Louisiana at Monroe
b Health Care and Aging Studies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
c Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge
d Data Analysis Service, Albuquerque, NM

Correspondence: Robert John, PhD, Department of Health Promotion Sciences, University of Oklahoma, 801 N.E. 13th Street, Room 369-A, Oklahoma City, OK 73190. E-mail: robert-john{at}

Vernon L. Greene, PhD

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate burden experienced by a group of American Indian primary family caregivers and to determine if caregiver burden is a multidimensional concept. Design and Methods: This analysis is based on the results of a survey questionnaire administered to 169 Pueblo primary family caregivers in New Mexico. Results: Analysis of the items composing the Caregiver Burden scale indicated that caregiver burden is multidimensional and consists of several types of burden. Caregiver burden, as identified in this sample, is composed of four dimensions: role conflict, negative feelings, lack of caregiver efficacy, and guilt. Investigations of caregiver burden should consider the multidimensionality of this experience and evaluate burden accordingly. Implications:By identifying the specific type of burden that a caregiver experiences, interventions can be targeted more accurately to support family caregiving.

Key Words: Family caregiving • American Indians • Caregiver burden

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All GSA journals Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Copyright © 2001 by The Gerontological Society of America.