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The Gerontologist 45:720-730 (2005)
© 2005 The Gerontological Society of America

Do Trends in the Reporting of Quality Measures on the Nursing Home Compare Web Site Differ by Nursing Home Characteristics?

Jacqueline Zinn, PhD1, William Spector, PhD2, Lillian Hsieh, MHS3 and Dana B. Mukamel, PhD3

Correspondence: Address correspondence to Jacqueline Zinn, PhD, Professor, Department of Risk, Insurance and Healthcare Management, Fox School of Business and Management, Temple University, 413 Ritter Annex, Philadelphia PA 19122. E-mail: Jacqueline.Zinn{at}

Purpose: This study examines the relationship between the first set of quality measures (QMs) published by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services on the Nursing Home Compare Web site and five nursing home structural characteristics: ownership, chain affiliation, size, occupancy, and hospital-based versus freestanding status. Design and Methods: Using robust linear regressions, we examined the values of the QMs at first publication and their change over the first five reporting periods, in relation to facility characteristics. Results: There were significant baseline differences associated with these facility characteristics. Pain, physical restraints, and delirium exhibit a clear downward trend, with differences between the first QM reporting period and the fifth ranging from 12.7% to 46.0%. However, there were only minimal differences in trends associated with facility characteristics. This suggests that the relative position of facilities on these measures did not change much within this time period. The variation by facility type was larger for the short-stay QMs than for the long-stay measures. Implications: Those QMs that show an improvement exhibit it across all types of facilities, irrespective of initial quality levels. Although a number of alternatives may explain this positive trend, the trend itself suggests that report cards, to the extent that they are effective, are so for all facility types but only some QMs.

Key Words: Nursing Home Compare • Medicare • Consumer information • Quality measures

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Copyright © 2005 by The Gerontological Society of America.